poimen (greek) – Strong’s 4166

poimen (noun) – shepherd

From Strong’s Lexicon

  1. a herdsman, esp. a shepherd.
    1. in the parable, he to whose care and control others have committed themselves, and whose precepts they follow.
  2. metaphorically
    1. the presiding officer, manager, director, of any assembly: so of Christ the Head of the church.
      1. of the overseers of the Christian assemblies.
      2. of kings and princes.

Additional Information

The tasks of a Near Eastern shepherd were:

  1. to watch for enemies trying to attack the sheep
  2. to defend the sheep from attackers
  3. to heal the wounded and sick sheep
  4. to find and save lost or trapped sheep
  5. to love them, sharing their lives and so earning their trust.

Strong, J. (2001). Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon. Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.

From Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary

“a shepherd, one who tends herds or flocks” (not merely one who feeds them), is used metaphorically of Christian “pastors,” Eph. 4:11. “Pastors” guide as well as feed the flock, cf. Acts 20:28, which with v. 17, indicates that this was the service committed to elders (overseers or bishops); so also in 1 Pet. 5:1, 2, “tend the flock … exercising the oversight,” RV; this involves tender care and vigilant superintendence.

Vine, W. E., Unger, M. F., & White, W., Jr. (1996). Vol. 2: Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words (462). Nashville, TN: T. Nelson.

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