hupodikos (adjective) – under judgment, debtor to someone
From Strong’s Lexicon
- under judgment, one who lost his suit
- debtor to one, owing satisfaction to
- of liable to punishment from God
Strong, J. (2001). Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon. Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.
From Theological Dictionary of the New Testament
In the NT the word occurs only at R. 3:19. “But we know that the law says what it says to those who are under the law,” ἵνα πᾶν στόμα φραγῇ καὶ ὑπόδικος γένηται πᾶς ὁ κόσμος τῷ θεῷ. ὑπόδικος here denotes more than a general unspecified liability to punishment but less than definitive condemnation. It describes the state of an accused person who cannot reply at the trial initiated against him because he has exhausted all possibilities of refuting the charge against him and averting the condemnation and its consequences which ineluctably follow.
Vol. 8: Theological dictionary of the New Testament. 1964- (G. Kittel, G. W. Bromiley & G. Friedrich, Ed.) (electronic ed.) (558). Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.