hegemon (greek) – Strong’s 2232

hegemon (noun) – governor, ruler

From Strong’s Lexicon

  1. a leader of any kind, a guide, ruler, prefect, president, chief, general, commander, sovereign
    1. a “legatus Caesaris”, an officer administering a province in the name and with the authority of the Roman emperor
      1. the governor of a province
    2. a procurator, an officer who was attached to a proconsul or a proprietor and had charge of the imperial revenues
      1. in causes relating to these revenues he administered justice. In the smaller provinces also, which were so to speak appendages of the greater, he discharged the functions of the governor of the province;
    3. first, leading, chief

Strong, J. (2001). Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon. Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.

From Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary

Used for “rulers” generally, Mark 13:9; 1 Pet. 2:14; translated “princes” (i.e., leaders) in Matt. 2:6; (b) for the Roman procurators, referring, in the gospels to Pontius Pilate, e.g., Matt. 27:2; Luke 20:20 (so designated by Tacitus, Annals, xv. 44); to Felix, Acts 23:26. Technically the procurator was a financial official under a proconsul or propretor, for collecting the imperial revenues, but entrusted also with magisterial powers for decisions of questions relative to the revenues.

Vine, W. E., Unger, M. F., & White, W., Jr. (1996). Vol. 2: Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words (276). Nashville, TN: T. Nelson.

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