enochos (greek) – Strongs 1777

enochos (adjective) – bound, subject to, liable

From Strong’s Enhanced Lexicon

  1. bound, under obligation, subject to, liable
    1. used of one who is held by, possessed with love, and zeal for anything
    2. in a forensic sense, denoting the connection of a person either with his crime, or with the penalty or trial, or with that against whom or which he has offended
      1. guilty, worthy of punishment
      2. guilty of anything
      3. of the crime
      4. of the penalty
      5. liable to this or that tribunal i.e. the punishment to be imposed by this or that tribunal
      6. of the place where punishment is suffered

Strong, J. (2001). Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon. Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.

From Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary

lit., “held in, contained in” (en, “in,” echo, “to have, hold”), hence, “bound under obligation to, liable to, subject to,” is used in the sense of being in “danger” of the penal effect of a misdeed, i.e.. in a forensic sense, signifying the connection of a person with (a) his crime, “guilty of an eternal sin,” Mark 3:29, RV; (b) the trial or tribunal, as a result of which sentence is passed, Matt. 5:21–22, “the judgment,” “the council”; enochos here has the obsolete sense of control (J. Hastings); (c) the penalty itself, 5:22, “the hell of fire,” and, with the translation “worthy” (KJV, “guilty”), of the punishment determined to be inflicted on Christ, Matt. 26:66 and Mark 14:64, “death”; (d) the person or thing against whom or which the offense is committed 1 Cor. 11:27, “guilty,” the crime being against “the body and blood of the Lord”; Jas. 2:10, “guilty” of an offense against all the Law, because of a breach of one commandment.

Apart from the forensic sense, this adjective is used of the thing by which one is bound, “subject to” (bondage), in Heb. 2:15.

Vine, W. E., Unger, M. F., & White, W., Jr. (1996). Vol. 2: Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words (144). Nashville, TN: T. Nelson.

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