archon (noun) – ruler
From Strong’s Lexicon
- a ruler, commander, chief, leader
Strong, J. (2001). Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon. Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.
From Theological Dictionary of the New Testament
In the NT ἄρχων (archon) denotes Roman and Jewish officials of all kinds, often without specifying the particular office. In Jn. and Lk. the ἄρχοντες are groups in the Jewish people, distinguished by Lk. from the πρεσβύτεροι, γραμματεῖς, ἀρχιεπεῖς, and by Jn. from the Pharisees (and sometimes even opposed to them, 12:42), though they may be fellow-members of religious ἀρχαί. Occasionally ἄρχων may simply mean “respected.” There is a transition to a more religious sense in relation to Moses in Ac. 7:35.
Vol. 1: Theological dictionary of the New Testament. 1964- (G. Kittel, G. W. Bromiley & G. Friedrich, Ed.) (electronic ed.) (489). Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.