archisunagogos (greek) – Strong’s 752

archisunagogos (noun) – ruler(s) of the synagogue

From Strong’s Lexicon

  1. ruler of the synagogue. It was his duty to select the readers or teachers in the synagogue, to examine the discourses of the public speakers, and to see that all things were done with decency and in accordance with the ancestral usage

Strong, J. (2001). Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon. Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.

From Theological Dictionary of the New Testament

In the NT ἀρχισυνάγωγος occurs only in Mark (Mk. 5:22, 35, 36, 38) and Luke (Lk. 8:49; 13:14; Ac. 13:15; 18:8, 17). In Lk. the synagogue “ruler” is also the ἄρχων τῆς συναγωγῆς, cf. Lk. 8:41 and 8:49. On the other hand Codex D Ac. 14:2 rightly distinguishes between the ἀρχισυνάγωγοι τῶν Ἰουδαίων and the ἄρχοντες τῆς συναγωγῆς, for Jewish inscriptions always differentiate the two offices, recognising both their vesting in one person and also their distribution among more than one.

Vol. 7: Theological dictionary of the New Testament. 1964- (G. Kittel, G. W. Bromiley & G. Friedrich, Ed.) (electronic ed.) (847). Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

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